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Cooking for puppies

For a puppy to grow up healthy it is crucial to provide them with the recommended amount of calories, amino acids, minerals and vitamins. In our following recipes for your puppy, we have paid attention to a moderate energy supply. According to breed, age and activity levels your puppy might need more or less than suggested in our recipes. If your puppy gets too much calories it usually does not lead to obesity, but your puppy will most likely grow too fast. This a burden on the skeleton, which is still insufficiently mineralized. It is therefore advisable to check the weight of your young dog at regular intervals and compare it to a growth chart.

The simplest way to regulate the energy supply is by regulating the intake of oil and treats. If your puppy is too light, you increase both by 20 %, is he too heavy, you give 30 % less of each. With Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior you can supplement the meal with the optimal amount of minerals and vitamins.

further information: 

meat:

You can use e. g. beef, lamb, chicken, turkey; possibly horse, goat, kangaroo. Please make sure that at least two types of meat are not fed at all, to have alternative sources of protein in reserve when needed. As vets we have to point out that there is an increased risk of infection with raw meat. You don't have to feed raw, there is only a low nutrient loss due to cooking or frying. There is one exception to raw feeding: never feed raw pork meat. It is acceptable to feed a variety, as long as the products and the daily change are well received.

fish:

You may feed raw fish once per week. If you want to feed fish more than once per week you should cook it to prevent a Vitamin B1 deficiency. It is possible to mix it up, as long as the change is well received.

carbohydrates:

Suitable carbohydrates such as noodles, rice, millet, amaranth or potatoes are high in starch and a readily available source of energy. To be properly utilized they must be cooked very soft (rule of thumb: cooked 15-20 minutes longer than for humans usually). Especially in the puppy age carbohydrates are the perfect glucose and energy source. But also for older dogs, which should get a protein-reduced feeding, the use of carbohydrates is recommended. Therefore it makes sense to get used the puppy to the taste of carbohydrates early. It is possible to mix it up, as long as the products and the daily change is well received by your puppy.

A good alternative is to give different types of dry flakes, such as potato flakes, rice flakes or oat flakes. These should be soaked in approximately three times the amount of hot water before feeding them cooled down. 100 g of cooked carbohydrates correspond to about 25 g of dried flakes.

dairy products:

Suitable dairy products such as cottage cheese, cream cheese, curd, yoghurt, lean curd and buttermilk are highly digestible proteins that partially contain lactic acid for the intestinal function. Please consider that higher amounts of lactose can lead to changes in faeces consistency. Therefore, it should always be individually tested which and how much of a dairy product can be tolerated.

eggs:

Please only feed cooked eggs or raw egg yolk. Too many egg whites can cause a biotin deficiency. Don't feed eggshells as they may result in calcium oversupply.

vegetables and fruit:

They provide fiber for the intestinal function and can be fed crushed, shredded, pureed or cooked for a better nutrient absorbability. Alternatively you can use flakes and soak them in three times the amount of water before feeding.

Your puppy should never get onions, garlic, avocado, grapes and raisins, because they are toxic for dogs. Fruit kernels and stones must be removed before feeding. Don't puree fruit kernels either because of the containing toxic cyanide.

The ratio of fruit and vegetables can be individually chosen according to compatibility.

Cooked vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, chinese cabbage, pumpkin, celery, spinach, beetroot; calorie rich varieties are peas, red/white beans, corn; cooked vegetables in the glass (so-called baby food) or frozen vegetables (heated up!) are also acceptable

Raw vegetables: carrots, lettuce, ripe tomatoes, cucumber, fennel, turnip cabbage, zucchini etc.

Fruit: apples, oranges, pears, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, kiwis, nectarines, melons, peaches, plums

oils:

Because of different contents of Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids and vitamin E you should use safflower oil, hemp oil, corn germ oil or sunflower oil and salmon oil. The perfect ratio is reached by 80% safflower oil, hemp oil, corn germ oil or sunflower oil and 20% salmon oil.

mineral powder:

At the beginning add the mineral feed in small portions about 4 - 5 days into the feed. Please don't heat up and mix it well under the ration.

 

Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 2.5 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 0.6–0.9 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 0.9–1.4 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 1.4–2.5 kg

≥ 8th month
adult 2.5 kg

Meat (gross weight)

50–65

65–80

80–85

55–65

cooked carbohydrates

15–20

20–25

25–27

20–30

Vegetables

15–17

17–20

20–25

25–30

Oils*

0.9–1.1

1.1–1.3

1.3–1.5

1–1.5

Treats

8

10

10

5

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

1.1–1.6

1.6

1.5

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

1.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 5 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 1.1–1.8 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 1.8–2.8 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 2.8–5 kg

≥ 10th month
adult 5 kg

Meat (gross weight)

75–100

100–120

120–130

90–110

cooked carbohydrates

25–30

30–35

35–40

35–45

Vegetables

20–25

25–30

30–35

45–60

Oils*

1.3–1.7

1.7–2

2–2.5

2–3

Treats

10

15

15

10

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

2.0–2.7

2.7

2.5

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

2.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 10 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 2.2–3.5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 3.5–5.5 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 5.5–10 kg

≥ 10th month
adult 10 kg

Meat (gross weight)

125–165

165–200

200–220

170–210

cooked carbohydrates

40–50

50–65

65–70

60–75

Vegetables

35–45

45–50

50–55

80–100

Oils*

2.5–3

3–3.5

3.5–4

5–6

Treats

15

20

28

15

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

4.5–5.5

5.5

5.0

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

4.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 15 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 3.5–5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 5–8 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 8–15 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 15 kg

Meat (gross weight)

200–240

240–300

300–320

210–250

cooked carbohydrates

60–75

75–90

90–100

85–100

Vegetables

50–65

65–80

80–90

100–130

Oils*

3.5–4

4–5.5

5.5–6

7–8

Treats

30

35

40

15

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

7–8.5

8.5

7.5

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 20 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 4.2–6.5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 6.5–10.5 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 10.5–20 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 20 kg

Meat (gross weight)

230–300

300–370

370–400

290–350

cooked carbohydrates

70–95

95–120

120–130

100–130

Vegetables

60–80

80–100

100–120

130–160

Oils*

4–5

5–6.5

6.5–7

9–11

Treats

35

50

50

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

9–12

12

11

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

7


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 25 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 5–8 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 8–13 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 13–25 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 25 kg

Meat (gross weight)

290–370

370–440

440–470

300–370

cooked carbohydrates

90–120

120–140

140–150

130–150

Vegetables

80–100

100–120

120–130

160–180

Oils*

5–6

6.5–8

8–8.5

11–14

Treats

45

55

60

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

11–15

15

14

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

7.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 30 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 5.9–9.3 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 9.3–15 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 15–30 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 30 kg

Meat (gross weight)

300–390

390–490

490–540

390–470

cooked carbohydrates

95–125

125–160

160–170

140–170

Vegetables

80–100

100–130

130–140

180–210

Oils*

5.5–7

6.5–9

9–10

14–17

Treats

50

65

70

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

14–19

19

17

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

9


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 35 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 7–11 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 11–17 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 17–35 kg

≥ 15th month
adult 35 kg

Meat (gross weight)

330–440

440–540

540–600

390–470

cooked carbohydrates

110–140

140–175

175–190

170–190

Vegetables

90–120

120–150

150–160

210–230

Oils*

6–8

8–10

10–11

16–19

Treats

50

65

75

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

17–21

21

19

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

9.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 40 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 7.4–12 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 12–19 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 19–40 kg

≥ 15th month
adult 40 kg

Meat (gross weight)

350–470

470–600

600–670

480–590

cooked carbohydrates

115–150

150–190

190–210

180–210

Vegetables

95–130

130–160

160–180

220–270

Oils*

6.5–8.5

8.5–11

11–12

18–22

Treats

55

75

85

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

19–25

25

22

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

11.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 50 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 8.5–14 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 14–23 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 23–50 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 50 kg

Meat (gross weight)

390–540

540–690

690–790

510–620

cooked carbohydrates

130–170

170–220

220–250

210–240

Vegetables

100–140

140–180

180–210

260–310

Oils*

7–10

10–12

12–14

22–27

Treats

70

90

100

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

22–29

29

27

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

13.5

Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 60 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 10–16 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 16–27 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 27–60 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 60 kg

Meat (gross weight)

450–600

600–780

780–900

650–800

cooked carbohydrates

150–190

190–250

250–290

240–290

Vegetables

120–160

160–210

210–240

300–360

Oils*

8–11

11–14

14–16

27–33

Treats

70

90

110

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

24–32

32

30

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

15.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 70 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 12–19 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 19–32 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 32–70 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 70 kg

Meat (gross weight)

510–680

680–890

890–1000

660–800

cooked carbohydrates

165–220

220–280

280–320

270–330

Vegetables

140–180

180–240

240–270

350–400

Oils*

9–12

12–16

16–18

32–37

Treats

90

110

130

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

26–34

34

32

Vitamin Optimix Cooking

17.5

 

* 1 tsp. oil approx. 4–5 g, 1 tbsp. oil approx. 8–12 g, from that 20% salmon oil & 80% sunflower or safflower oil

25% of the meat ration can be replaced by dairy products and eggs. If you need 20 - 40g more treats, then reduce the daily meat ration by 100 g. You shouldn't feed bones or mineralized snacks as treats.

We wish you a lot of fun with this recipes!

 

image credits: Fotolia.com, #11782996, © Phil Daub

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