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BARF for puppies made easy

For a puppy to grow up healthy it is crucial to provide them with the recommended amount of calories, amino acids, minerals and vitamins. In our following recipes for your puppy, we have paid attention to a moderate energy supply. According to breed, age and activity levels your puppy might need more or less than suggested in our recipes. If your puppy gets too much calories it usually does not lead to obesity, but your puppy will most likely grow too fast. This a burden on the skeleton, which is still insufficiently mineralized. It is therefore advisable to check the weight of your young dog at regular intervals and compare it to a growth chart.

The simplest way to regulate the energy supply is by regulating the intake of oil and treats. If your puppy is too light, you increase both by 20 %, is he too heavy, you give 30 % less of each. With Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior you can supplement the meal with the optimal amount of minerals and vitamins.

further information:

meat:

You can use e. g. beef, lamb, chicken, turkey; possibly horse, goat, kangaroo. Please make sure that at least two types of meat are not fed at all, to have alternative sources of protein in reserve when needed. As vets we have to point out that there is an increased risk of infection with raw meat. You don't have to feed raw, there is only a low nutrient loss due to cooking or frying. There is one exception to raw feeding: never feed raw pork meat. It is acceptable to feed a variety, as long as the products and the daily change are well received.

fish:

You may feed raw fish once per week. If you want to feed fish more than once per week you should cook it to prevent a Vitamin B1 deficiency. It is possible to mix it up, as long as the change is well received. 

innards:

Acceptable innards are rumen, leaf tripe, spleen, heart, udder, lung and kidney. They do not necessarily have to be included in the ration. Innards have a higher connective tissue content compared to muscle meat. This can cause a change in faeces consistency when given in large amounts. We recommend that the percentage of innards is not more than 25 % of the meat content.

Liver has a high content of vitamin A. With our Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior you should forego the liver feeding.

Maw meat may have remains of thyroid which, when feeding large amounts regularly, may have effects on the hormone balance. 

bones:

Feeding bones is not necessary. Our meal plan supplies the sufficient amount of calcium and phosphorus through the mineral powder. If bone feeding is still desired you can replace up to a maximum of 5% of the meat ration with meaty bones such as chicken, turkey or duck necks, fleshy oxtail or lamb ribs. 

dairy products:

Suitable dairy products such as cottage cheese, cream cheese, curd, yoghurt, lean curd and buttermilk are highly digestible proteins that partially contain lactic acid for the intestinal function. Please consider that higher amounts of lactose can lead to changes in faeces consistency. Therefore, it should always be individually tested which and how much of a dairy product can be tolerated. 

eggs:

Please only feed cooked eggs or raw egg yolk. Too many egg whites can cause a biotin deficiency. Don't feed eggshells as they may result in calcium oversupply.

vegetables and fruit:

They provide fiber for the intestinal function and can be fed crushed, shredded, pureed or cooked for a better nutrient absorbability. Alternatively you can use flakes and soak them in three times the amount of water before feeding.

Your puppy should never get onions, garlic, avocado, grapes and raisins, because they are toxic for dogs. Fruit kernels and stones must be removed before feeding. Don't puree fruit kernels either because of the containing toxic cyanide. 

The ratio of fruit and vegetables can be individually chosen according to compatibility.

Cooked vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, chinese cabbage, pumpkin, celery, spinach, beetroot; calorie rich varieties are peas, red/white beans, corn; cooked vegetables in the glass (so-called baby food) or frozen vegetables (heated up!) are also acceptable

Raw vegetables: carrots, lettuce, ripe tomatoes, cucumber, fennel, turnip cabbage, zucchini etc.

Fruit: apples, oranges, pears, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, kiwis, nectarines, melons, peaches, plums

oils:

Because of different contents of Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids and vitamin E you should use safflower oil, hemp oil, corn germ oil or sunflower oil and salmon oil. The perfect ratio is reached by 80% safflower oil, hemp oil, corn germ oil or sunflower oil and 20% salmon oil.

mineral powder:

At the beginning add the mineral feed in small portions about 4 - 5 days into the feed. Please don't heat up and mix it well under the ration.

 

Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 2.5 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 0.6–0.9 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 0.9–1.4 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 1.4–2.5 kg

≥ 8th month
adult 2.5 kg

Meat (gross weight)

65–80

80–100

100–110

65–85

Vegetables

15–20

20–25

25–30

25–45

Oils*

0.9–1.1

1.1–1.3

1.3–1.5

1–1.5

Treats

8

10

10

5

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

1.1–1.6

1.6

1.5

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

1.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 5 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 1.1–1.8 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 1.8–2.8 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 2.8–5 kg

≥ 10th month
adult 5 kg

Meat (gross weight)

100–135

135–160

160–170

115–150

Vegetables

30–35

35–40

40–50

50–75

Oils*

1.5–2

2–2.3

2.3–2.5

2–3

Treats

10

15

15

10

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

2.0–2.7

2.7

2.5

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

2.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 10 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 2.2–3.5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 3.5–5.5 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 5.5–10 kg

≥ 10th month
adult 10 kg

Meat (gross weight)

170–225

225–270

270–290

210–260

Vegetables

45–60

60–75

75–80

100–120

Oils*

2.5–3

3–4

4–4.5

5–6

Treats

20

25

25

15

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

4.5–5.5

5.5

5.0

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

4.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 15 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 3.5–5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 5–8 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 8–15 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 15 kg

Meat (gross weight)

240–300

300–370

370–400

290–350

Vegetables

65–80

80–100

100–110

140–170

Oils*

3.5–4

4–5

5–5.5

7–8

Treats

30

35

40

15

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

7–8.5

8.5

7.5

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

5.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 20 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 4.2–6.5 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 6.5–10.5 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 10.5–20 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 20 kg

Meat (gross weight)

280–360

360–450

450–490

360–440

Vegetables

75–100

100–120

120–130

170–200

Oils*

4–5

5–6.5

6.5–7

9–11

Treats

35

40

50

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

9–12

12

11

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

7


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 25 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 5–8 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 8–13 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 13–25 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 25 kg

Meat (gross weight)

320–420

420–530

530–580

410–480

Vegetables

90–120

120–140

140–160

200–250

Oils*

5–6

6–8

8–8.5

11–14

Treats

45

55

60

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

11–15

15

14

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

8


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 30 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 5.9–9.3 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 9.3–15 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 15–30 kg

≥ 12th month
adult 30 kg

Meat (gross weight)

360–475

475–600

600–660

490–600

Vegetables

100–130

130–160

160–180

240–290

Oils*

5.5–7

7–9

9–9.5

14–17

Treats

50

60

65

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

14–19

19

17

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

9


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 35 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 7–11 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 11–17 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 17–35 kg

≥ 15th month
adult 35 kg

Meat (gross weight)

410–540

540–660

660–740

540–620

Vegetables

110–150

150–180

180–200

270–310

Oils*

6–8

8–10

10–11

16–19

Treats

50

65

75

20

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

17–21

21

19

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

10.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 40 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 7.4–12 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 12–19 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 19–40 kg

≥ 15th month
adult 40 kg

Meat (gross weight)

430–580

580–730

730–820

600–740

Vegetables

120–160

160–200

200–220

300–360

Oils*

6.5–8.5

8.5–11

11–12

18–22

Treats

55

70

80

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

19–25

25

22

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

11.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 50 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 8.5–14 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 14–23 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 23–50 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 50 kg

Meat (gross weight)

480–660

660–850

850–970

710–830

Vegetables

130–180

180–230

230–260

350–400

Oils*

7–9.5

9.5–12

12–14

22–27

Treats

60

80

90

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

22–29

29

27

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

13.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 60 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 10–16 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 16–27 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 27–60 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 60 kg

Meat (gross weight)

550–730

730–960

960–1.100

820–1.000

Vegetables

150–200

200–260

260–300

400–480

Oils*

8–11

11–14

14–16

27–33

Treats

70

90

110

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

24–32

32

30

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

15.5


Feeding plan for a growing dog with an expected weight of 70 kg:

Age

Actual body weight

≥ 8th week

approx. 12–19 kg

≥ 12th week

approx. 19–32 kg

≥ 18th week

approx. 32–70 kg

≥ 18th month
adult 70 kg

Meat (gross weight)

630–830

830–1.100

1.100–1250

930–1.050

Vegetables

170–230

230–300

300–330

450–500

Oils*

9–12

12–16

16–18

32–37

Treats

80

100

120

25

Vitamin Optimix Puppy & Junior

26–34

34

32

Vitamin Optimix Barf plus Calcium

17.5

* 1 tsp. oil approx. 4–5 g, 1 tbsp. oil approx. 8–12 g

Feeding bones is possible, but not necessary. Up to 5% of the daily meat ration can be replaced by meaty bones. At a meat quantity of 400 g 5 % meaty bones are approx. 20 g bones per day or 40 g every 2 days or 60 g every 3 days or 140 g per week.

25% of the meat ration can be replaced by dairy products and eggs. If you need 20 - 40 g more treats, then reduce the daily meat ration by 100 g. You shouldn't feed bones or mineralized snacks as treats.

We wish you a lot of fun with these recipes!

 

 

image credits: Fotolia.com, #71756888, © Mikkel Bigandt

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